|During the Byzantine
period Samos constitutes the 29th province of the islands. During
the reign of the emperor Constantine Porphirogennitos, it became
the metropolis of the Samos administrative area. After the fall of
Constantinople from the crusaders in 1204, it was under the rule
of the Latin seat of Constantinople and shared its fortune.
In 1247 it returned to
the Byzantine state. In 1312, for a short period of time, it came
under the rule of the Turk Aidin, while since 1367 and for about a
century, it belonged to the Genoats, paying a tax to the
Giustiniani knights of Chios. The Muslims never managed to settle
permanently in Samos.